Overview

A grain farmer grows crops. The crops that are most commonly grown in Saskatchewan are oilseeds, cereals, and pulses.

An illustration of barley, oats, and wheat.

Cereal Crops

An illustration of barley, oats, and wheat.
Barley, oats, and wheat are cereal crops that are grown in Saskatchewan.
An illustration of lentils, chickpeas, peas, and beans.

Pulse Crops

An illustration of lentils, chickpeas, peas, and beans.
Lentils, chickpeas, peas, and beans are pulse crops that are grown in Saskatchewan.
An illustration of canola, flax, mustard, camelina, and sunflowers.

Oilseeds Crops

An illustration of canola, flax, mustard, camelina, and sunflowers.
Canola, flax, mustard, camelina, and sunflowers are oilseeds crops that are grown in Saskatchewan.

Year at a Glance

During the spring, farmers spend long days putting their crops and fertilizer into the ground. Some seeds (canola and barley in particular) are treated before being planted to protect them from insects and diseases.

A red tractor is pulling an air seeder in a field with a sunset in the background.

This farmer is using a tractor and air seeder to seed the crop.

The summertime is when farmers spray their crops for weeds, and sometimes for insects and diseases if needed. Farmers closely monitor their fields and only spray when necessary. Spraying pesticides is expensive so farmers don’t want to waste their money by spraying crops that don’t need to be sprayed. They also take time to fix any broken equipment and get equipment ready for harvest.

An illustrated red farm sprayer has its booms out to each side to spray the field that it is operating in.

This farm sprayer is used to spray for weeds, insects, and diseases.

The crops are harvested in the fall. This is an exciting time for farmers because all their hard work pays off and grain gets put into the bin. After the crops are harvested, some farms put fertilizer into the ground, or plant a winter crop such as winter wheat.

A green combine is harvesting a golden-coloured lentils crop with a lot of dust coming out of the combine.

This farmer is using a straight cut combine to harvest a lentils crop.

In winter, things slow down a bit for grain farmers, but they are still busy hauling grain and purchasing inputs for the next crop year.

An illustrated red semi-truck is parked under an auger that is pulling grain from the bottom of a granary to dump into the back of the truck.

This farmer is using an auger to get grain out of the granary to haul it to the elevator with a semi-truck.

A crop shines golden with a sunset in the background.
Saskatchewan grows more crops than Manitoba and Alberta combined.