Chinese people were the first people to start raising pigs for meat over 2,000 years ago. Up to the 1950s, most farms had a couple of pigs that were kept outside. Thanks to technology and growth in farms, pig farming has greatly expanded since the 1950s. Farmers are able to care for their pigs indoors, which allows them to check the herd health, care for piglets, feed individual animals based on their diet, and control breeding. Today, the average herd is about 500 pigs.
Prior to the 1950s, most farmers only had enough pigs to feed their own family.
Today, the average herd is about 500 pigs.
As of 2019, there were approximately 400 pork farms in Saskatchewan that produced 2.3 million pigs. A lot of the pork produced in Saskatchewan is exported to other provinces within Canada and to other countries. Nearly 70% of the pork produced in Canada is exported.
Saskatchewan has 400 pork farms which are home to 2.3 million pigs!
When pork farmers are ready to sell their pigs they base their prices off major markets in the United States. Some producers will sell locally to consumers within their areas, and others will sell to large processing facilities. When pork farmers work with large production companies, the pigs will be transported from the farm to the processing facility where the meat is processed into many different cuts and products before packaging. The meat is then taken to grocery stores where the end consumer will purchase it to cook the meat and eat it.
The pork is processed into different types of cuts and packaged. Then it is sent to grocery stores and sold to the end consumers who cook the meat and eat it.
There are also many byproducts made from animals in processing facilities. Byproducts are materials leftover from food production. Byproducts are not the primary goal of the agricultural system, but can be just as important. Making these byproducts also produces less waste, and is a way of recycling waste from processing animals. These products are processed, packaged, and sent to retail stores for customers to purchase.
There are many creative ways to recycle the waste created from processing animals for meat.
Who is Who?
Farmers work hard to keep their pigs happy. Happy and healthy pigs mean that their business will do well. Pig farmers follow guidelines that provide them with information to make sure their farm is safe and clean for their animals. Saskatchewan has been a leader for good animal care and improvements to the standard. Pigs are given vaccines to prevent the animals from becoming sick. These vaccines are tested and approved by our government, just like human vaccines.
Pig farmers work hard to keep their pigs happy.
Pigs live in barns because it provides them with shelter from predators, disease, parasites, and extreme temperatures. The temperature, ventilation, and cleanliness of pig barns are monitored closely. There are strict rules about who can go into pig barns to help farmers keep the barn clean and the animals healthy.
Pigs can be aggressive by nature and will get competitive for food and space, so they are often kept in individual pens or in small groups to ensure their needs are met. Sows are kept in separate pens that restrict their movement so there is less chance of piglets being injured.
Sows nurse their piglets to give them the nutrients they need to grow.
Some of these piglets are nursing from their mom, while others are walking around the pen.
Video credit: Sask Pork/Prairie Swine Center.
Radio Frequency Identification Tags (RFID tags) are a type of tracking system that use radio waves to give information about the pigs to the famers.
Each pig wears a tag in the ear. This tag helps the farmer know when each pig is eating, and it can also track data related to that specific pig, including tracking their growth and history. If the RFID tag says the pig is not eating, the farmer will know that the pig might be sick.
Modern pig barns have a lot of technology to ensure pigs are kept happy and healthy.
A pig barn uses technology that has automatic feeding and watering systems. The pigs always have access to water. Other technology that can be set up in pig barns monitors the pigs’ activity and behaviour, looking for changes in eating and drinking patterns. Another technology used is a pig cough monitor, which can detect respiratory problems in pigs up to two weeks before farmers or vets can spot these issues. They also have 3-D imaging cameras that estimate a pig’s weight.
These piglets are drinking from an automatic watering system.
Similar technology is available that listens for piglets that may be getting crushed under the mother. When the microphone hears uniquely loud sounds coming from piglets, it sends a signal for a patch that is worn by the sow to start vibrating so she stands up.
This pen helps the sow nurse her piglets with less chance of rolling over on them.
Pigs provide us with meats such as:
- Pork chops
- Ground meat
- Spare ribs
Treatments for Skin Burns
Not only do pigs provide us with many types of meat, they also provide us with many other products that are byproducts of processing pigs.
Pork gives our bodies protein, fat, energy, and other vitamins and minerals our bodies need.
Our bodies get nutrients from pork meat products.