Many people from other countries immigrated to Canada in the late 1800s and the early 1900s for a number of reasons. Many people faced extreme poverty and unemployment in their home country. In other countries, governments were taking away people’s rights related to traditions, beliefs, and religion. Other people felt unsafe in their own country. Some people wanted to own farmland, which they could not afford in their own country. A few people just wanted a new adventure to come and live in a new country.
Canada was seen as a land of opportunity for the immigrants escaping terrible conditions in their own countries.
Canada became an official country in 1867 and the Canadian government promoted the many opportunities that were available for newcomers. The country was very large and needed many new workers to help break the soil, grow crops, build buildings, and make it a home.
PHOTO CREDIT: WESTERN DEVELOPMENT MUSEUM
This group of immigrants is getting on the train to head out West in search of land to buy.