Barley is a type of cereal grain plant. It can be ground into flour and used for many food and drink products for humans. Grocery stores usually sell barley in two forms: unhulled and pearled.
Barley, oats, wheat, and canary seed are all cereal crops that are grown in Saskatchewan.
In 2019, 1.275 million hectares (3.15 million acres) of barley was planted in Saskatchewan! This worked out to be about 41% of the barley grown in Canada.
About 70-80% of barley grown in Saskatchewan is used for livestock feed. The rest is referred to as ‘malt barley,’ which is barley sold to make beer and high-quality food products for humans to eat. Overall, Canada is the fourth largest barley producer and the second-largest malt exporter in the world! The grain is taken from elevators by trains and put onto ships to transport to the international countries that buy and import Canadian grain.
Canada is the fourth largest barley producer and the second-largest malt exporter in the world!
Malt barley staying in Canada is transported to processing facilities where it is prepared for humans to eat. It can be left as whole grains to be added into food, but can also be made into flour and pasta. The products are then transported to grocery stores where they are sold to consumers.
Malt barley is transported to processing facilities where it is cleaned and processed into food and beer.
History of Barley
Barley has been used in food products, including bread, for thousands of years. Barley was used in Egypt and Greek cultures, and the Middle ages in Europe. Roman gladiators were called ‘barley men’ because they ate barley. They believed that barley gave them greater strength.
Roman gladiators were called ‘barley men’ because they ate barley, which was believed to give them more strength.
In the early 17th century, barley and other small cereal grains were brought to Canada by European colonists. The barley was used for beer making, which led to the first brewery being built in Quebec City in 1668. Canada is a major exporter of malt and malting barley, which are used to make beer.
Barley can be ground into flour and used for many food and drink products for humans.
Barley is a cereal crop that grows well in the black and dark brown soil zones of Saskatchewan.
This graph shows the major soil zones across the Prairies.
Barley should be seeded early to help improve protein levels and overall quality of the grain. The soil will have more moisture the earlier you can seed the crop. During the summer, the field is sprayed if needed for weeds, insects, and pests.
This green, unripe barley crop still needs to grow longer before the farmer can harvest it.
During harvest, the farmers are able to swath the field into rows for the combine to pick it up, or straight cut combine (where the swathing and combining are done at the same time).
This barley crop is turning a yellow colour and is nearly ready for harvest.
Barley is rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre, and essential amino acids that help us stay healthy. Barley also has qualities that can reduce the risk of heart disease.
Barley is nutritious for our bodies.
Barley is used to make a variety of food and beverage products.
Farmers grow ‘malt’ barley to sell for making beer and high quality food products. ‘Feed barley’ is grown to feed animals and farmers do not get as high of a price for feed barley.
Sometimes barley that farmers grow for malt is not high enough quality and gets sold for livestock feed instead.
This cow is eating feed barley.