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Overview

The future of agriculture is exciting! There will be lots of changes with new technology, genetics, and farming practices. But some things will not change. Saskatchewan farmers will always produce healthy and sustainable food while taking the best care of their crops and the environment.

Illustrated hands are holding a plant with a row of DNA above it.

Plant breeders study the genetic material in plants.

Crop Genetics

Pesticides can be used to prevent pests (weeds, diseases, and insects) from harming the crop. But what if there were other ways to stop pests from harming the crop without pesticides? Scientists called ‘crop breeders’ study the genetics of crops and develop new varieties that are less likely to be hurt by insects and diseases.

Two illustrated scientists work in a greenhouse full of plants. One of the scientists is using a microscope and checking plants. The other scientist is helping nearby and collecting data.

Scientists that study plant genetics are ‘crop breeders’.

Crop breeders can also study and develop crops that are more resistant to climate changes such as drought and higher temperatures.

A green plant is thriving in a cracked dry brown soil.

This is a plant that has been developed to resist climate change such as drought and is thriving in dry weather.

A photograph focuses on a single soybean plant in an entire ripe crop. The plant has a fungus called “Blackleg.”

Blackleg is a fungus that can destroy canola crops.

Plant breeders developed several varieties of canola that are resistant to Blackleg.

Learn about crop genetics and how science has helped change crop production. This video also looks at the use of chemicals in the crop production process.