Getting wheat to grow was difficult enough, but the farmers’ trouble didn’t end there. The farmers needed to get their wheat to people who wanted to buy it. In the beginning, grain elevators popped up all over the Prairies along the railway tracks. Grain elevators were the first step in the grain trading process. Their purpose is to receive, store, and then ship grain.
PHOTO CREDIT: WESTERN DEVELOPMENT MUSEUM
Grain elevators were always next to the railway so the grain could be easily transported across the country.
The Canadian Wheat Board
The Canadian Wheat Board was established in 1935 which helped stabilize wheat prices further. All of the wheat and barley was bought by the Canadian Wheat Board and then they sold it to other countries. Farmers received an average of the price that the grain was sold for.
Eventually, farmers wanted the freedom to sell their wheat on their own and the federal government stopped supporting the Canadian Wheat Board, so the Canadian Wheat Board was dissolved in 2011.
The Canadian Wheat Board would buy wheat and barley from various grain elevator companies to help stabilize grain prices.