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Definitions

 

A

Term
Adapted
Definition
When you adapt to something, you become adjusted or used to it.
Term
Advertisements
Definition
A public announcement that tells people about products, services, or things that are happening.
Term
Aeration
Definition
The process of forcing air through the stored grain in grain bins at a low flow rate to remove the heat and moisture and maintain its quality.
Term
Afford
Definition
When someone has enough money to pay for something so they can buy it.
Term
Agricultural
Definition
The science and work of raising crops, farm animals; farming.
Term
Agronomists
Definition
Agronomists study agronomy, which is the study and application of scientific methods of soil management, field and crop production, and scientific agriculture.
Term
Amateur
Definition
Someone who does something only for enjoyment rather than for money.
Term
Ancient Protocols
Definition
A very old system of rules that explain the correct conduct and procedure to be followed in various situations.
Term
Animal Husbandry
Definition
When someone is watching out for animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, or other products. It includes day-to-day care, feeding, selective breeding, the raising of, and the overall health of livestock.
Term
Antibodies
Definition
Antibodies are a protein in blood that reacts to particular toxic substances by neutralizing or destroying them. Antibodies provide immunity against these toxic substances.
Term
Antioxidants
Definition
An antioxidant is a substance that repairs oxidative damage in cells.
Term
Approach
Definition
Farmers and ranchers can enter certain fields and pastures by using an approach from the main road.
Term
Arithmetic
Definition
The method and process of using whole numbers to add, subtract, multiply, and divide.
Term
Assimilation/Assimilate
Definition
The process of becoming part of a community or culture often by force.
Term
Associations
Definition
A group of people joined together for a common purpose or by a shared interest.
Term
Automobile
Definition
A vehicle with four wheels that is powered by a motor that uses gasoline or other fuel. An automobile is used on roads to carry people and supplies.
Term
Autonomous
Definition
When something is free and independent.

B

Term
Barn Raisings
Definition
The process of building a barn includes a 'barn raising', which is an event. The walls of the barn would be built on the ground because they were very large. Next, a group of people would get together for a 'barn raising' to use ropes to pull the walls of the barn up so that the walls could be securely attached so the barn would stand on its own. The barn raisings would also have suppers and would be an opportunity to socialize with other neighbours.
Term
Binding
Definition
If an agreement, contract, or decision is binding, then you must do what it says.
Term
Biodiversity
Definition
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specially to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans.
Term
Bison
Definition
Bison are a very large mammal that used to roam the plains of North America in large herds, but they were hunted until they were almost extinct. Bison now live on farms or other protected areas.
Term
Boarding Houses
Definition
A house that provides rooms and meals to people who pay for those services
Term
Boom
Definition
Booms are the long arms that open out on a sprayer. Booms have hoses and nozzles where the spray comes out.
Term
Brine
Definition
Salt water that is used for pickling foods as a way of preserving them.
Term
Byproducts
Definition
When the process of making one thing results in a second product as well. Byproducts are not the main reason for production, but are also usable products, often with completely different purposes! For example, feathers are the byproduct of processing poultry.

C

Term
Calories
Definition
Calories is a unit for measuring the amount of energy that a food can produce when taken into the body. The more calories something has, the more energy it can provide for the body. People wanting to maintain their weight often keep an eye on the number of calories they take in each day.
Term
Calves
Definition
A baby cow is a calf. A group of baby cows are called calves.
Term
Carbohydrates
Definition
A carbohydrate is a compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. It is formed mainly by plants, and it is used in the body to easily produce and store energy. Sugars and starches are carbohydrates.
Term
Cede
Definition
To willingly give up something such as power or land.
Term
Census
Definition
An official count of the people who live in a country or a particular area. A census is also used to collect information about people such as their job, age, or gender.
Term
Cereal Grain Crop
Definition
Cereal crops are members of the grass family and are grown to feed humans and animals.
Term
Cholesterol
Definition
Cholesterol is a white substance, found in the tissues of humans and animals, which acts to clean the bloodstream and surrounds certain nerves. Cholesterol is made in the body, but can also be obtained from animal foods such as meat and cheese.
Term
Chutes
Definition
A passage where things are moved from one area to another. Cattle are moved from corrals through chutes to other areas where the rancher needs the cattle to be in.
Term
Citizenship
Definition
The legal right to be a citizen of a particular country.
Term
Climate
Definition
Climate is the usual weather conditions in a place.
Term
Coarse
Definition
A coarse substance or surface that feels rough and hard.
Term
Colonies
Definition
A colony is a group of people who come from the same country,religious, or ethnic background and live closely together. There can also be colonies of animals of the same type living closely together.
Term
Colonization
Definition
The process of assuming control of someone else's territory and applying ones own systems of law, government, and religion.
Term
Colonizing/Colonize
Definition
To establish a settlement for people on an area removed from others, and that group of people often has a different set of rules or traditions they follow.
Term
Colony
Definition
A group of people or animals of the same type living closely together.
Term
Communal
Definition
Communal refers to belonging to a community, a public, or a collective.
Term
Contagious
Definition
When something can be spread from person to person.
Term
Contaminated
Definition
When something becomes dirty, polluted, or not usable by touching or by adding something to it.
Term
Corrals
Definition
A corral is an area with a fence around it. Corrals are used to keep horses and cattle from wandering away.
Term
Cover Crop
Definition
A cover crop is a quick-growing crop that is planted to prevent soil erosion or soil depletion.
Term
Cradle Scythe
Definition
A cradle scythe is an attachment for the scythe that looks like a large claw. This attachment also gives the user of the tool more control in being able to neatly lay the grain down with all of the seed heads facing in the same direction.
Term
Crocks
Definition
A pot or jar that is made of baked clay.
Term
Crop Rotation
Definition
The practice of changing which crop get planted in a specific field in different years.
Term
Crossroads
Definition
The place where two roads cross one another - an intersection of roads.
Term
Cultivators
Definition
A cultivator is a machine or tool that prepares the soil for planting by loosening the soil and removing the weeds.
Term
Culture/Cultural
Definition
Culture is the language, customs, ideas, and art of a particular group of people.
Term
Curing
Definition
Curing is a food preservation and flavouring process of foods such as meat, fish, and vegetables where salt is added to take moisture out of the food.
Term
Customary
Definition
When something is done as usual, it is customary.
Term
Customs
Definition
Something that people do that is traditional or typical for their group.
Term
Cutter
Definition
A cutter is a lightweight, open, horse-drawn sleigh.

D

Term
Debt
Definition
Debt is something owed to another person.
Term
Deeds
Definition
A piece of paper that shows who owns a piece of property by law.
Term
Dense
Definition
Dense trees are thick and hard to see through or get through.
Term
Deposited
Definition
When someone hands something valuable (usually money) over to a bank or another safe place.
Term
Descendants
Definition
A person who comes from a given ancestor or ancestors who lived in the past.
Term
Descent
Definition
Descent is the origin of your parents or other older members of your family.
Term
Desiccant
Definition
A substance that is applied to crops to cause the crop to dry out so it can be harvested.
Term
Detrimental
Definition
When something causes harm.
Term
Dialect
Definition
Dialect is a form of a language that is spoken in a specific region or by a specific group of people.
Term
Digestion
Definition
The process where the stomach and the intestines change food into a form that the body can use as energy.
Term
Diminish
Definition
When something is made smaller, or made to appear smaller in size or importance.
Term
Diplomats
Definition
A person whose job is to handle relationships with the governments of other countries.
Term
Diseases
Definition
A condition that causes harm to the health of a person, animal, or plant is a disease.
Term
Dispute
Definition
A disagreement, argument, or competition.
Term
Diversify
Definition
To give or introduce variety to or into something.
Term
Domesticate
Definition
To tame a wild animal. For example, it took a lot of work to domesticate wild horses.
Term
Dormant
Definition
In regards to plants, dormancy means the plant is alive without actively growing. The plant is in a state of rest that is similar to sleep.
Term
Drought
Definition
A drought is a long period of time with little or no rain.

E

Term
Eastern Europe
Definition
Eastern Europe is composed of 10 countries: Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine.
Term
Economy/Economies
Definition
An economy is the system of how money is made and used within a particular country or region. A country's economy is connected with things like how many goods and services are produced and how much money people can spend on these things.
Term
Ecosystem
Definition
A community of living things, together with their environment.
Term
Edible
Definition
Edible means something that it is able to be eaten safely.
Term
Epidemic
Definition
An outbreak of disease that spreads rapidly to many people in one area.
Term
Essential Amino Acids
Definition
An essential amino acid is an amino acid that cannot be made from scratch by the body fast enough to meet the body's needs, and must therefore come from the diet.
Term
Eurocentric
Definition
Focuses on the needs, values, and perspectives of the European people. Looking at things from only the European point of view.
Term
Exempt
Definition
Exempt is to be free from something that others are always required to do; an excuse for not having to do something.
Term
Export/Exported/Exports
Definition
To send a product to another country to sell.
Term
Exterminate
Definition
Destroy completely

F

Term
Famine
Definition
A great lack of food over a wide area.
Term
Fatty Acids
Definition
A fatty acid is a large class of acids that occur naturally in animal and vegetable fats and oils.
Term
Fermentation
Definition
Fermentation is the breakdown of carbs, such as starch and sugar by bacteria and yeast. This is an ancient technique of preserving food.
Term
Fertilizer
Definition
Fertilizer is a natural or chemical substance added to soil to make it better for growing plants.
Term
Fiber
Definition
Fibre is a plant material found in food that is not digested by the body, but is important to good health.
Term
Fibre
Definition
A fibre is a small, thin part of a plant that is shaped like a thread. This part of the plant can be spun into thread and used for sewing.
Term
Flail
Definition
A flail is a farm tool used to separate seeds from grain. A flail has a long handle with a short, swinging bar on one end.
Term
Flappers
Definition
In the 1920s, a young woman who acted and dressed in a daring way was a flapper.
Term
Flax
Definition
A plant with tiny blue flowers that turn into seeds that have many uses. A fibre can be made from the stem of this plant. The fiber can be spun into thread.
Term
Forage Crops
Definition
Crops used for animal feed, such as alfalfa.
Term
Foreign
Definition
When something is strange or not familiar.
Term
Foundation
Definition
Foundation is the stone or concrete structure that holds up a building from beneath.
Term
Furrows
Definition
Any narrow groove in a surface.

G

Term
Genetics
Definition
Plant genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity specifically in plants. It is generally considered a field of biology and botany.
Term
Geography
Definition
The science of the Earth's surface and all life on it. When studying geography, one learns about the different countries and people of the Earth, as well as the Earth's climate, its natural resources, and its oceans, rivers, and mountains.
Term
Give up their Rights
Definition
Give away a person's right to use something.
Term
Gluten
Definition
Gluten is a protein found in certain cereal grains (especially wheat) that gives dough an elastic texture.
Term
Government Rations
Definition
The government sometimes gives out a fixed portion of food or money to help people out during hard times.
Term
Grain Elevators
Definition
A grain elevator is a storage building where grain can be lifted in on a conveyor belt and stored inside.
Term
Growth Hormones
Definition
Growth hormones can be given to beef cattle to help them use their feed more efficiently, so they grow quicker. Hormones are naturally occurring compounds in all animals, people, and plants.

H

Term
Harvesting
Definition
When people gather ripe crops from the field or garden.
Term
Highland Games
Definition
The Highland games is a meeting for athletic events, playing of the bagpipes, and dancing. It is held in the Scottish Highlands or by Scottish people in other regions of the world.
Term
Hormone
Definition
Hormones are a substance that is made by certain cells in the body. Hormones move around the body in the blood and have effects on certain organs and cells. Hormones help control body processes such as growth.
Term
Hydrocarbons
Definition
A compound made from hydrogen and carbon.

I

Term
Immigrants
Definition
A person who moves permanently to another country, away from the country they were born in.
Term
Immigrated
Definition
To come to live permanently in a country where that person was not born.
Term
Immunity
Definition
Immunity is a condition of being able to resist a disease.
Term
Import/Imported
Definition
To bring in a something or a product from another country, especially as something to be sold.
Term
Indigenous
Definition
Indigenous people lived in a place for a very long time before other people came to live there. Indigenous is a term that includes First Nation, Inuit and Métis people.
Term
Industrialize
Definition
If a country or company industrializes, it develops industries or makes them more modern, and more automatic using machinery.
Term
Industries
Definition
The process of businesses that turn raw materials into finished products.
Term
Inedible
Definition
If something is inedible, it is not safe to eat. This might be because the material is unable to be processed by the human body.
Term
Informal
Definition
When something is relaxed and casual in style or feeling.
Term
Inherited
Definition
To receive something from a person who has died.
Term
Insurance
Definition
Insurance is a protection against certain accidents that is provided by an insurance company in return for payment of a fee.
Term
Intergenerational Trauma
Definition
The psychological effects of a family or people after they experience a deeply distressing event which has consequences for later generations.
Term
International Trade
Definition
The act of exchanging or buying and selling goods between two or more countries.
Term
Iron
Definition
Small amounts of iron that exist in some foods and in your body is important for good health.

J

Term
Judges
Definition
A person who decides the winner in a contest or competition.

K

Term
Kettles
Definition
A kettle is used to boil water, which is then used to make tea or other hot drinks, or used in baths or to wash clothes.

L

Term
Labour
Definition
Labour is hard work or effort by a worker or a group of workers.
Term
Leased
Definition
An agreement for someone to use a country, business, or person's property in exchange for money or something else of value.
Term
Legume Crops
Definition
Crops that have a dry seed in a pod, such as lentils or peas.
Term
Leisure Time
Definition
Leisure time is freedom from work or other duties that take time and effort; free time.
Term
Loans
Definition
Something that is lent or borrowed such as money.
Term
Loom
Definition
A device or machine for weaving cloth.
Term
Lumber
Definition
Lumber is a log that is cut into boards or beams for use in a building.

M

Term
Manufacturing
Definition
The process or business of producing a large quantity of products, usually using raw materials, machines, and human labour.
Term
Mason
Definition
A person whose work is building with stone, brick, or cement.
Term
Matriarchal
Definition
A group or society which is lead by women.
Term
Maturity
Definition
The state of being mature or fully developed.
Term
Mechanized
Definition
Mechanized means to introduce the use of machinery into an industry like farming to make work more automatic.
Term
Métis
Definition
A person who has one First Nations parent and a parent with European roots. This definition has changed over time and now includes the culture, traditions, and customs of the Métis people.
Term
Migrating
Definition
Migration is the process when people or animals migrate (move) to another place or country.
Term
Mohair
Definition
Mohair is a fabric or yarn made from a goat’s hair. Mohair is durable and resilient, and known for its high luster and sheen.
Term
Multicultural
Definition
When something involves or consists of people of different cultures.

N

Term
National Trade
Definition
The act of exchanging or buying and selling goods within your own country.
Term
Nitrogen
Definition
Nitrogen is a gas with no colour or smell. It is one of the chemical elements. Nitrogen makes up about eighty percent of the Earth's atmosphere, and it is also found in all living things.
Term
Nomadic
Definition
When a person or animal moves from place to place without a permanent, year-round home, they are nomadic.
Term
Notices
Definition
Warning, news, or sign of something to come and is usually printed or written.
Term
Nutrients
Definition
Nutrients are something in food that help people, animals, and plants live and grow.

O

Term
Obstacles
Definition
An obstacle is a challenge or complication that stops forward movement or progress.
Term
Oilseed Crops
Definition
Crops that are used to make oil, such as canola.
Term
Ointments
Definition
A soft, oily substance that is made to be rubbed into the skin. Ointment may be used as medicine or to soften the skin.
Term
Omega-3 Fats
Definition
Omega-3 Fats are a class of essential fatty acids that acts to lower the levels of cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoproteins) in the blood.
Term
Orators
Definition
Someone who is very good at public speaking.
Term
Organic
Definition
When something is produced naturally, without using pesticides or other added chemicals.
Term
Overpopulated
Definition
An area that is filled with more people than available resources can support.
Term
Overtaxed
Definition
To put strain or burden on people by taxing them too highly.

P

Term
Pack Animal
Definition
A working animal that is used by humans for transporting materials by attaching them to the animal's back. Traditional pack animals include camels, goats, yaks, reindeer, water buffalo, llamas, dogs, horses, donkeys, and mules.
Term
Parasites
Definition
A parasite is a plant, animal, or fungus that lives on or in another living thing, who is called the host. A parasite gets its food and energy from the host organism.
Term
Pasteurization
Definition
The process of heating food to a particular temperature in order to kill harmful bacteria.
Term
Patented
Definition
A government grant that gives someone or a company the right to make, use, or sell an invention. A patent is given for a certain number of years.
Term
Pest
Definition
Something or someone that annoys or bothers others is a pest.
Term
Pesticides
Definition
Pesticides are used to control weeds, insects, diseases and rodents that are harmful to plants or animals. Pesticides can be man-made (Synthetic) or come from nature (organic).
Term
Photosynthesis
Definition
The process by which a green plant uses sunlight to change water and carbon dioxide into food for itself.
Term
Pickling
Definition
Pickling is when a cucumber or another vegetable or fruit has been preserved in salt water, vinegar, and seasonings.
Term
Pictograph
Definition
A collection of symbols used to represent words, phrases, and stories.
Term
Plague
Definition
A plague is a deadly disease, a sudden invasion of harmful insects, or any terrible thing that harms many people.
Term
Plastered
Definition
To cover something with a paste of sand, lime, and water that becomes hard when it dries. Plaster is used to cover walls and ceilings.
Term
Plowing
Definition
A plow is a heavy farm tool that has a wide blade and is pulled by a tractor or a strong animal such as an ox or a horse. Plows are used for turning over and cutting through the soil.
Term
Pneumonia
Definition
Pneumonia is a serious disease where the lungs become swollen and painful and fill with liquid. A person with pneumonia gets a painful cough.
Term
Pollinating
Definition
To move or carry pollen to a plant, causing the seeds to be fertilized.
Term
Ports
Definition
A place where ships load and unload, and the nearby town or city is called a port.
Term
Potassium
Definition
Potassium is a soft, silver-white metal that is one of the chemical elements. It occurs in nature only in compounds with other elements. It is an important mineral in the body.
Term
Poultices
Definition
A poultice is a soft mass of material that is typically made from plant material or flour. The material is usually moistened, heated, and spread on a cloth and applied to a sore or inflamed area of the body as therapy.
Term
Poverty
Definition
The condition of being poor and having a lack of money and resources.
Term
Prairie Fires
Definition
The uncontrolled fire in a grassy area.
Term
Predator
Definition
A predator is an animal that hunts other animals for food.
Term
Preserve
Definition
To keep something in its original or existing state, to protect it from decay.
Term
Profitable
Definition
When a person or business is profitable they bring in more money than they spend, making them financially successful.
Term
Profits
Definition
Profit is the money that you make by selling something or from your business, especially the money that remains after you have paid all your business costs.
Term
Prosperity
Definition
Prosperity is the state of being wealthy and successful.
Term
Protein
Definition
Proteins are a substance that is made up of nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and possibly other elements. Proteins are found in all living things and are required for humans to live.
Term
Public Stock-Water Reserves
Definition
In an effort to grow the ranching industry, the government set aside major rivers, creeks, and springs that could be used as public stock-watering reserves for ranchers to provide water for their livestock.

Q

Term
Quarantine
Definition
To put a person or a thing in quarantine, isolated from others to stop a disease from spreading.

R

Term
Racism
Definition
Racism is the opinion or belief that a particular race of people is better than any other race or races. Typically, the race with more wealth or power believes they are the better race. Racism exists all around the world.
Term
Railway
Definition
A set of tracks where a train runs on.
Term
Rapeseed
Definition
Rapeseed is a bright-yellow flowering crop that is grown mainly for its oil-rich seed.
Term
Rebellion
Definition
Violent action to change the political system in a country.
Term
Red River Colony
Definition
The Red River Colony was a settlement on the Red and Assiniboine rivers and its boundaries crossed parts of what is now Manitoba and North Dakota. This colony got the land from the Hudson's Bay Company and its official name was Assiniboia.
Term
Refugees
Definition
People forced to leave their home country to seek safety or protection.
Term
Register
Definition
To put information about someone or something on an official list where it is kept track of.
Term
Regulated
Definition
To control something with rules or a method of doing things.
Term
Relentless
Definition
Relentless means to not stop or slack off- continue to be persistent.
Term
Reservoir
Definition
A reservoir is a place where water is collected and stored. Towns and cities often have reservoirs for their water supply. Pioneer homes also stored their water in reservoirs.
Term
Resources
Definition
Something such as money, workers, or equipment that can be used to help a person or business. It can include the wealth of a person, business, or country and its ways of producing wealth.
Term
Roost
Definition
A place where birds regularly settle or congregate to rest at night, or where chickens congregate to rest during the day.
Term
Root Cellar
Definition
An underground storage room to keep root crops and other vegetables from overheating in the summer or freezing in the winter. Some root cellars were built under houses or in the side of a hill.

S

Term
Sanitary
Definition
People want to have excellent sanitary conditions that affect hygiend and health, especially when it comes to food and water.
Term
Sanitized
Definition
To sanitize something means to get the germs or dirt off of it.
Term
Saturated Fats
Definition
Eating too much saturated fat can lead to high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
Term
Scythe
Definition
A scythe is a tool that has a long handle with a long, curved blade attached to the end at a right angle. It is used for cutting grass or harvesting grain by hand.
Term
Seamstress
Definition
A woman who sews as her job to earn money.
Term
Seasick
Definition
When someone feels sick or dizzy from the rolling motion of a boat.
Term
Segregated
Definition
The practice of separating or placing someone or a group of people from the majority of the group. Often a particular race or ethnic group of people is separated from the rest of mainstream society.
Term
Segregation
Definition
Segregation is when people are being separated according to groups, usually racial groups.
Term
Self-Sufficient
Definition
Needing no outside help in satisfying ones basic needs, especially with regard to the production of food.
Term
Settlement
Definition
The process of settling (moving) or being settled into a particular area.
Term
Settlements
Definition
A place where people settle and live.
Term
Share
Definition
To do something with someone else, or to have the same responsibilities as someone else.
Term
Shoots
Definition
A new growth on a plant, such as a young branch or a sprout from a seed.
Term
Shorn
Definition
To trim the fleece from a sheep with scissors or a tools like scissors.
Term
Sickle
Definition
A sickle is a tool with a long, sharp, curved blade and a short handle. It is used to cut grain and long grass.
Term
Silage
Definition
Silage is a method of preserving plants for livestock to eat during the winter.
Term
Sincere
Definition
Saying what people genuinely feel or believe. Being honest.
Term
Slates
Definition
A slate is a rock that tends to split in smooth layers. The layers can be used as chalkboards or roof tiles.
Term
Slave
Definition
A person who is owned by and forced to work for another person with no pay or rights. Slavery is the owning of people by other people. The person being owned did not agree to be a slave.
Term
Slavery
Definition
The owning of people by other people. The person being owned did not agree to be a slave.
Term
Smoking
Definition
Smoking is the process of flavouring, browning, cooking, or preserving food by exposing it to smoke from burning or smoldering material, which is most often wood.
Term
Socializing
Definition
Socializing is when people engage in social activities where you enjoy the company of others, like visiting.
Term
Soil Erosion
Definition
Soil erosion is the process when soil is slowly removed by the rain, wind, or sea.
Term
Soil Health
Definition
Soil health, also referred to as soil quality, is defined as the continued capacity of soil to function as a vital living ecosystem that sustains plants, animals, and humans.
Term
Sovereign
Definition
When something has its own independent government that has political power and authority.
Term
Spelling Bee
Definition
A spelling competition where any contestant who misspells a word is eliminated.
Term
Stable
Definition
A building where farm animals such as horses or cows are kept and fed. Stables are often divided into separate stalls for each animal.
Term
Starchy
Definition
Starch is a white food substance without any taste that is found in many foods including rice, potatoes, wheat, and other vegetables. Starch is a type of carbohydrate that gives you energy.
Term
Steroids
Definition
Steroids are a chemical that are produced in the body or made as a drug. Steroids can act as hormones, be used for treating conditions, or be used to improve physical performance.
Term
Stock Market
Definition
The stock market is a market where stocks and bonds are bought and sold.
Term
Stocks
Definition
Stocks are the shares in the owning of a business or company.
Term
Subscriptions
Definition
An agreement to pay for a magazine or newspaper that is printed regularly.
Term
Supernatural
Definition
When something departs from what is usual or normal so as to appear to be from the laws of nature, and instead relates to an order of existence beyond the visible, observable universe.
Term
Sustain
Definition
To support something and keep it going.
Term
Sustainability
Definition
Sustainability is related to a method of managing or using a resource so that the resource is never used up or forever damaged.
Term
Sustainable
Definition
Capable of continuing to keep up something over time.
Term
Synthetic
Definition
When something is synthetic, it is made with chemicals formed in a laboratory instead of something found in nature; it is man-made.

T

Term
Tame
Definition
Still in the wild state, but gentle and not afraid of human beings
Term
Taproot
Definition
A taproot is the main root of a plant that goes straight down and has smaller roots branching out sideways.
Term
Temperament
Definition
The way of thinking, feeling, and acting that is usual of a particular person or animal.
Term
Terrain
Definition
An area of land that usually has a particular physical feature.
Term
Thatched Roofs
Definition
A thatched roof is when straw, palm leaves, or other dried material is used as a roof covering.
Term
The Great Depression
Definition
Ten years in the 1930s where Canada, the United States, and a few other countries had extreme economic troubles that caused hard times and depression.
Term
Theories
Definition
Carefully thought-out ideas that are intended to explain facts or events.
Term
Threshing Crews
Definition
A group of people who work together to use a threshing machine, which separates the grain or seeds from the straw in crops.
Term
Tonics
Definition
A medicine that brings back or refreshes a person's strength or energy.
Term
Topsoil
Definition
The soil on the top of the land. This soil is important because it is rich in nutrients and is necessary for healthy plants to grow.
Term
Trade/Traded
Definition
The act of buying and selling goods.
Term
Translator
Definition
A person whose job is to translate words from one language to another language.
Term
Treaty Medal
Definition
Sometimes fine coats and medals were given to First Nations leaders who signed a treaty.
Term
Trunks
Definition
A trunk is a large, strong container that often has a lock and is used to store or transport goods. It can also be called a chest.

U

Term
Udder
Definition
An udder is an organ on the females that provide dairy such as cows, goats, and sheep. An udder is similar to the breast in primates. This is where milk flows for the purpose of feeding babies.
Term
Unemployment
Definition
A person is unemployed if they are looking for work but cannot find any.
Term
Unstable
Definition
Unstable means that things are likely to change suddenly; things are not steady.
Term
Upholstered
Definition
Upholstered means to provide furniture with springs, padding, and a covering.

V

Term
Vaccine
Definition
A vaccine is a substance used to protect people or animals from very serious diseases. Vaccines contain germs of a particular disease- these germs have been killed or changed in a certain way in a laboratory to make them safe. A vaccine goes into a person's body through a needle or shot that is given by a doctor or a nurse. After a vaccine is put into a person's body, that person will not get that disease or if they do, it is only a mild form of the disease.
Term
Vitamin D
Definition
A nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Vitamin D helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils) and is found in fatty fish, egg yolks, and dairy products. Skin exposed to sunshine can also make vitamin D.
Term
Voyage
Definition
A long journey by air, land, sea, or outer space.
Term
Voyageurs
Definition
A person hired by fur companies to transport goods and supplies between trading posts.

W

Term
Wapiti
Definition
A very large North American deer that has curved antlers with many branches on them – now known as an elk. The name ‘wapiti’ is also from the Shawnee and Cree tribes and means ‘white rump’.
Term
War Veterans
Definition
A war veteran is a person who has served in the armed forces during a war.
Term
Wealth
Definition
A large amount of something- usually a large amount of money or property.
Term
Weaning
Definition
To start a child or young animal on food other than milk eaten by suckling from the mother.
Term
Weave
Definition
To create something by passing threads or strips over and under each other.
Term
Wholesome
Definition
Something that is good for the health of one’s body or mind.
Term
Wicks
Definition
A cord in a candle or oil lamp that draws up fuel to be burned at its upper end.
Term
Widows
Definition
A widow is a woman whose husband has died and who has not married again.
Term
Windrows or Swath
Definition
A row of hay or grain that was cut and dropped into a line to dry before being harvested.
Term
Winnow
Definition
To blow air through grain in order to remove the chaff.
Term
Winnowing
Definition
Winnowing means to separate grain from chaff and other impurities by tossing it into the air using a winnowing tray. The chaff and impurities are lighter than the grain and fly away.
Term
Wither
Definition
Wither means for something to dry up or to wilt.
Term
Wondrous
Definition
Something that is very wonderful.
Term
Worldviews
Definition
A persons worldview is the way they see and understand the world, especially regarding issues such as politics, philosophy, and religion.

Y

Term
Yeast
Definition
A product that is used to make bread, alcohol, and some medicines.
Term
Yielding
Definition
The measurement of how much grain is produced by a crop in a particular field. The yield of a crop can easily change depending on growing conditions.
Term
Yoke
Definition
A yoke is a device used to join together a pair of work animals. A yoke is made up of a wooden bar with two U-shaped ends that fit around the animals' heads.

Z

Term
Zinc
Definition
Zinc is a nutrient that people need to stay healthy. Zinc is found in cells throughout the body. It helps the immune system fight off invading bacteria and viruses. The body also needs zinc to make proteins and DNA, the genetic material in all cells.