When you adapt to something, you become adjusted or used to it.
A public announcement that tells people about products, services, or things that are happening.
The process of forcing air through the stored grain in grain bins at a low flow rate to remove the heat and moisture and maintain its quality.
When someone has enough money to pay for something so they can buy it.
The science and work of raising crops, farm animals; farming.
Agronomists study agronomy, which is the study and application of scientific methods of soil management, field and crop production, and scientific agriculture.
Someone who does something only for enjoyment rather than for money.
A very old system of rules that explain the correct conduct and procedure to be followed in various situations.
When someone is watching out for animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, or other products. It includes day-to-day care, feeding, selective breeding, the raising of, and the overall health of livestock.
Antibodies are a protein in blood that reacts to particular toxic substances by neutralizing or destroying them. Antibodies provide immunity against these toxic substances.
An antioxidant is a substance that repairs oxidative damage in cells.
Farmers and ranchers can enter certain fields and pastures by using an approach from the main road.
The method and process of using whole numbers to add, subtract, multiply, and divide.
The process of becoming part of a community or culture often by force.
A group of people joined together for a common purpose or by a shared interest.
A vehicle with four wheels that is powered by a motor that uses gasoline or other fuel. An automobile is used on roads to carry people and supplies.
When something is free and independent.
The process of building a barn includes a 'barn raising', which is an event. The walls of the barn would be built on the ground because they were very large. Next, a group of people would get together for a 'barn raising' to use ropes to pull the walls of the barn up so that the walls could be securely attached so the barn would stand on its own. The barn raisings would also have suppers and would be an opportunity to socialize with other neighbours.
If an agreement, contract, or decision is binding, then you must do what it says.
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specially to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans.
Bison are a very large mammal that used to roam the plains of North America in large herds, but they were hunted until they were almost extinct. Bison now live on farms or other protected areas.
A house that provides rooms and meals to people who pay for those services
Booms are the long arms that open out on a sprayer. Booms have hoses and nozzles where the spray comes out.
Salt water that is used for pickling foods as a way of preserving them.
When the process of making one thing results in a second product as well. Byproducts are not the main reason for production, but are also usable products, often with completely different purposes! For example, feathers are the byproduct of processing poultry.
Calories is a unit for measuring the amount of energy that a food can produce when taken into the body. The more calories something has, the more energy it can provide for the body. People wanting to maintain their weight often keep an eye on the number of calories they take in each day.
A baby cow is a calf. A group of baby cows are called calves.
A carbohydrate is a compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. It is formed mainly by plants, and it is used in the body to easily produce and store energy. Sugars and starches are carbohydrates.
To willingly give up something such as power or land.
An official count of the people who live in a country or a particular area. A census is also used to collect information about people such as their job, age, or gender.
Cereal Grain Crop
Cereal crops are members of the grass family and are grown to feed humans and animals.
Cholesterol is a white substance, found in the tissues of humans and animals, which acts to clean the bloodstream and surrounds certain nerves. Cholesterol is made in the body, but can also be obtained from animal foods such as meat and cheese.
A passage where things are moved from one area to another. Cattle are moved from corrals through chutes to other areas where the rancher needs the cattle to be in.
The legal right to be a citizen of a particular country.
Climate is the usual weather conditions in a place.
A coarse substance or surface that feels rough and hard.
A colony is a group of people who come from the same country,religious, or ethnic background and live closely together. There can also be colonies of animals of the same type living closely together.
The process of assuming control of someone else's territory and applying ones own systems of law, government, and religion.
To establish a settlement for people on an area removed from others, and that group of people often has a different set of rules or traditions they follow.
A group of people or animals of the same type living closely together.
Communal refers to belonging to a community, a public, or a collective.
When something can be spread from person to person.
When something becomes dirty, polluted, or not usable by touching or by adding something to it.
A corral is an area with a fence around it. Corrals are used to keep horses and cattle from wandering away.
A cover crop is a quick-growing crop that is planted to prevent soil erosion or soil depletion.
A cradle scythe is an attachment for the scythe that looks like a large claw. This attachment also gives the user of the tool more control in being able to neatly lay the grain down with all of the seed heads facing in the same direction.
A pot or jar that is made of baked clay.
The practice of changing which crop get planted in a specific field in different years.
The place where two roads cross one another - an intersection of roads.
A cultivator is a machine or tool that prepares the soil for planting by loosening the soil and removing the weeds.
Culture is the language, customs, ideas, and art of a particular group of people.
Curing is a food preservation and flavouring process of foods such as meat, fish, and vegetables where salt is added to take moisture out of the food.
When something is done as usual, it is customary.
Something that people do that is traditional or typical for their group.
A cutter is a lightweight, open, horse-drawn sleigh.
Debt is something owed to another person.
A piece of paper that shows who owns a piece of property by law.
Dense trees are thick and hard to see through or get through.
When someone hands something valuable (usually money) over to a bank or another safe place.
A person who comes from a given ancestor or ancestors who lived in the past.
Descent is the origin of your parents or other older members of your family.
A substance that is applied to crops to cause the crop to dry out so it can be harvested.
When something causes harm.
Dialect is a form of a language that is spoken in a specific region or by a specific group of people.
The process where the stomach and the intestines change food into a form that the body can use as energy.
When something is made smaller, or made to appear smaller in size or importance.
A person whose job is to handle relationships with the governments of other countries.
A condition that causes harm to the health of a person, animal, or plant is a disease.
A disagreement, argument, or competition.
To give or introduce variety to or into something.
To tame a wild animal. For example, it took a lot of work to domesticate wild horses.
In regards to plants, dormancy means the plant is alive without actively growing. The plant is in a state of rest that is similar to sleep.
A drought is a long period of time with little or no rain.
Eastern Europe is composed of 10 countries: Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine.
An economy is the system of how money is made and used within a particular country or region. A country's economy is connected with things like how many goods and services are produced and how much money people can spend on these things.
A community of living things, together with their environment.
Edible means something that it is able to be eaten safely.
An outbreak of disease that spreads rapidly to many people in one area.
Essential Amino Acids
An essential amino acid is an amino acid that cannot be made from scratch by the body fast enough to meet the body's needs, and must therefore come from the diet.
Focuses on the needs, values, and perspectives of the European people. Looking at things from only the European point of view.
Exempt is to be free from something that others are always required to do; an excuse for not having to do something.
To send a product to another country to sell.
A great lack of food over a wide area.
A fatty acid is a large class of acids that occur naturally in animal and vegetable fats and oils.
Fermentation is the breakdown of carbs, such as starch and sugar by bacteria and yeast. This is an ancient technique of preserving food.
Fertilizer is a natural or chemical substance added to soil to make it better for growing plants.
Fibre is a plant material found in food that is not digested by the body, but is important to good health.
A fibre is a small, thin part of a plant that is shaped like a thread. This part of the plant can be spun into thread and used for sewing.
A flail is a farm tool used to separate seeds from grain. A flail has a long handle with a short, swinging bar on one end.
In the 1920s, a young woman who acted and dressed in a daring way was a flapper.
A plant with tiny blue flowers that turn into seeds that have many uses. A fibre can be made from the stem of this plant. The fiber can be spun into thread.
Crops used for animal feed, such as alfalfa.
When something is strange or not familiar.
Foundation is the stone or concrete structure that holds up a building from beneath.
Any narrow groove in a surface.
Plant genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity specifically in plants. It is generally considered a field of biology and botany.
The science of the Earth's surface and all life on it. When studying geography, one learns about the different countries and people of the Earth, as well as the Earth's climate, its natural resources, and its oceans, rivers, and mountains.
Give up their Rights
Give away a person's right to use something.
Gluten is a protein found in certain cereal grains (especially wheat) that gives dough an elastic texture.
The government sometimes gives out a fixed portion of food or money to help people out during hard times.
A grain elevator is a storage building where grain can be lifted in on a conveyor belt and stored inside.
Growth hormones can be given to beef cattle to help them use their feed more efficiently, so they grow quicker. Hormones are naturally occurring compounds in all animals, people, and plants.
When people gather ripe crops from the field or garden.
The Highland games is a meeting for athletic events, playing of the bagpipes, and dancing. It is held in the Scottish Highlands or by Scottish people in other regions of the world.
Hormones are a substance that is made by certain cells in the body. Hormones move around the body in the blood and have effects on certain organs and cells. Hormones help control body processes such as growth.
A compound made from hydrogen and carbon.
A person who moves permanently to another country, away from the country they were born in.
To come to live permanently in a country where that person was not born.
Immunity is a condition of being able to resist a disease.
To bring in a something or a product from another country, especially as something to be sold.
Indigenous people lived in a place for a very long time before other people came to live there. Indigenous is a term that includes First Nation, Inuit and Métis people.
If a country or company industrializes, it develops industries or makes them more modern, and more automatic using machinery.
The process of businesses that turn raw materials into finished products.
If something is inedible, it is not safe to eat. This might be because the material is unable to be processed by the human body.
When something is relaxed and casual in style or feeling.
To receive something from a person who has died.
Insurance is a protection against certain accidents that is provided by an insurance company in return for payment of a fee.
The psychological effects of a family or people after they experience a deeply distressing event which has consequences for later generations.
The act of exchanging or buying and selling goods between two or more countries.
Small amounts of iron that exist in some foods and in your body is important for good health.
A person who decides the winner in a contest or competition.
A kettle is used to boil water, which is then used to make tea or other hot drinks, or used in baths or to wash clothes.
Labour is hard work or effort by a worker or a group of workers.
An agreement for someone to use a country, business, or person's property in exchange for money or something else of value.
Crops that have a dry seed in a pod, such as lentils or peas.
Leisure time is freedom from work or other duties that take time and effort; free time.
Something that is lent or borrowed such as money.
A device or machine for weaving cloth.
Lumber is a log that is cut into boards or beams for use in a building.
The process or business of producing a large quantity of products, usually using raw materials, machines, and human labour.
A person whose work is building with stone, brick, or cement.
A group or society which is lead by women.
The state of being mature or fully developed.
Mechanized means to introduce the use of machinery into an industry like farming to make work more automatic.
A person who has one First Nations parent and a parent with European roots. This definition has changed over time and now includes the culture, traditions, and customs of the Métis people.
Migration is the process when people or animals migrate (move) to another place or country.
Mohair is a fabric or yarn made from a goat’s hair. Mohair is durable and resilient, and known for its high luster and sheen.
When something involves or consists of people of different cultures.
The act of exchanging or buying and selling goods within your own country.
Nitrogen is a gas with no colour or smell. It is one of the chemical elements. Nitrogen makes up about eighty percent of the Earth's atmosphere, and it is also found in all living things.
When a person or animal moves from place to place without a permanent, year-round home, they are nomadic.
Warning, news, or sign of something to come and is usually printed or written.
Nutrients are something in food that help people, animals, and plants live and grow.
An obstacle is a challenge or complication that stops forward movement or progress.
Crops that are used to make oil, such as canola.
A soft, oily substance that is made to be rubbed into the skin. Ointment may be used as medicine or to soften the skin.
Omega-3 Fats are a class of essential fatty acids that acts to lower the levels of cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoproteins) in the blood.
Someone who is very good at public speaking.
When something is produced naturally, without using pesticides or other added chemicals.
An area that is filled with more people than available resources can support.
To put strain or burden on people by taxing them too highly.
A working animal that is used by humans for transporting materials by attaching them to the animal's back. Traditional pack animals include camels, goats, yaks, reindeer, water buffalo, llamas, dogs, horses, donkeys, and mules.
A parasite is a plant, animal, or fungus that lives on or in another living thing, who is called the host. A parasite gets its food and energy from the host organism.
The process of heating food to a particular temperature in order to kill harmful bacteria.
A government grant that gives someone or a company the right to make, use, or sell an invention. A patent is given for a certain number of years.
Something or someone that annoys or bothers others is a pest.
Pesticides are used to control weeds, insects, diseases and rodents that are harmful to plants or animals. Pesticides can be man-made (Synthetic) or come from nature (organic).
The process by which a green plant uses sunlight to change water and carbon dioxide into food for itself.
Pickling is when a cucumber or another vegetable or fruit has been preserved in salt water, vinegar, and seasonings.
A collection of symbols used to represent words, phrases, and stories.
A plague is a deadly disease, a sudden invasion of harmful insects, or any terrible thing that harms many people.
To cover something with a paste of sand, lime, and water that becomes hard when it dries. Plaster is used to cover walls and ceilings.
A plow is a heavy farm tool that has a wide blade and is pulled by a tractor or a strong animal such as an ox or a horse. Plows are used for turning over and cutting through the soil.
Pneumonia is a serious disease where the lungs become swollen and painful and fill with liquid. A person with pneumonia gets a painful cough.
To move or carry pollen to a plant, causing the seeds to be fertilized.
A place where ships load and unload, and the nearby town or city is called a port.
Potassium is a soft, silver-white metal that is one of the chemical elements. It occurs in nature only in compounds with other elements. It is an important mineral in the body.
A poultice is a soft mass of material that is typically made from plant material or flour. The material is usually moistened, heated, and spread on a cloth and applied to a sore or inflamed area of the body as therapy.
The condition of being poor and having a lack of money and resources.
The uncontrolled fire in a grassy area.
A predator is an animal that hunts other animals for food.
To keep something in its original or existing state, to protect it from decay.
When a person or business is profitable they bring in more money than they spend, making them financially successful.
Profit is the money that you make by selling something or from your business, especially the money that remains after you have paid all your business costs.
Prosperity is the state of being wealthy and successful.
Proteins are a substance that is made up of nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and possibly other elements. Proteins are found in all living things and are required for humans to live.
Public Stock-Water Reserves
In an effort to grow the ranching industry, the government set aside major rivers, creeks, and springs that could be used as public stock-watering reserves for ranchers to provide water for their livestock.
To put a person or a thing in quarantine, isolated from others to stop a disease from spreading.
Racism is the opinion or belief that a particular race of people is better than any other race or races. Typically, the race with more wealth or power believes they are the better race. Racism exists all around the world.
A set of tracks where a train runs on.
Rapeseed is a bright-yellow flowering crop that is grown mainly for its oil-rich seed.
Violent action to change the political system in a country.
Red River Colony
The Red River Colony was a settlement on the Red and Assiniboine rivers and its boundaries crossed parts of what is now Manitoba and North Dakota. This colony got the land from the Hudson's Bay Company and its official name was Assiniboia.
People forced to leave their home country to seek safety or protection.
To put information about someone or something on an official list where it is kept track of.
To control something with rules or a method of doing things.
Relentless means to not stop or slack off- continue to be persistent.
A reservoir is a place where water is collected and stored. Towns and cities often have reservoirs for their water supply. Pioneer homes also stored their water in reservoirs.
Something such as money, workers, or equipment that can be used to help a person or business. It can include the wealth of a person, business, or country and its ways of producing wealth.
A place where birds regularly settle or congregate to rest at night, or where chickens congregate to rest during the day.
An underground storage room to keep root crops and other vegetables from overheating in the summer or freezing in the winter. Some root cellars were built under houses or in the side of a hill.
People want to have excellent sanitary conditions that affect hygiend and health, especially when it comes to food and water.
To sanitize something means to get the germs or dirt off of it.
Eating too much saturated fat can lead to high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
A scythe is a tool that has a long handle with a long, curved blade attached to the end at a right angle. It is used for cutting grass or harvesting grain by hand.
A woman who sews as her job to earn money.
When someone feels sick or dizzy from the rolling motion of a boat.
The practice of separating or placing someone or a group of people from the majority of the group. Often a particular race or ethnic group of people is separated from the rest of mainstream society.
Segregation is when people are being separated according to groups, usually racial groups.
Needing no outside help in satisfying ones basic needs, especially with regard to the production of food.
The process of settling (moving) or being settled into a particular area.
A place where people settle and live.
To do something with someone else, or to have the same responsibilities as someone else.
A new growth on a plant, such as a young branch or a sprout from a seed.
To trim the fleece from a sheep with scissors or a tools like scissors.
A sickle is a tool with a long, sharp, curved blade and a short handle. It is used to cut grain and long grass.
Silage is a method of preserving plants for livestock to eat during the winter.
Saying what people genuinely feel or believe. Being honest.
A slate is a rock that tends to split in smooth layers. The layers can be used as chalkboards or roof tiles.
A person who is owned by and forced to work for another person with no pay or rights. Slavery is the owning of people by other people. The person being owned did not agree to be a slave.
The owning of people by other people. The person being owned did not agree to be a slave.
Smoking is the process of flavouring, browning, cooking, or preserving food by exposing it to smoke from burning or smoldering material, which is most often wood.
Socializing is when people engage in social activities where you enjoy the company of others, like visiting.
Soil erosion is the process when soil is slowly removed by the rain, wind, or sea.
Soil health, also referred to as soil quality, is defined as the continued capacity of soil to function as a vital living ecosystem that sustains plants, animals, and humans.
When something has its own independent government that has political power and authority.
A spelling competition where any contestant who misspells a word is eliminated.
A building where farm animals such as horses or cows are kept and fed. Stables are often divided into separate stalls for each animal.
Starch is a white food substance without any taste that is found in many foods including rice, potatoes, wheat, and other vegetables. Starch is a type of carbohydrate that gives you energy.
Steroids are a chemical that are produced in the body or made as a drug. Steroids can act as hormones, be used for treating conditions, or be used to improve physical performance.
The stock market is a market where stocks and bonds are bought and sold.
Stocks are the shares in the owning of a business or company.
An agreement to pay for a magazine or newspaper that is printed regularly.
When something departs from what is usual or normal so as to appear to be from the laws of nature, and instead relates to an order of existence beyond the visible, observable universe.
To support something and keep it going.
Sustainability is related to a method of managing or using a resource so that the resource is never used up or forever damaged.
Capable of continuing to keep up something over time.
When something is synthetic, it is made with chemicals formed in a laboratory instead of something found in nature; it is man-made.
Still in the wild state, but gentle and not afraid of human beings
A taproot is the main root of a plant that goes straight down and has smaller roots branching out sideways.
The way of thinking, feeling, and acting that is usual of a particular person or animal.
An area of land that usually has a particular physical feature.
A thatched roof is when straw, palm leaves, or other dried material is used as a roof covering.
The Great Depression
Ten years in the 1930s where Canada, the United States, and a few other countries had extreme economic troubles that caused hard times and depression.
Carefully thought-out ideas that are intended to explain facts or events.
A group of people who work together to use a threshing machine, which separates the grain or seeds from the straw in crops.
A medicine that brings back or refreshes a person's strength or energy.
The soil on the top of the land. This soil is important because it is rich in nutrients and is necessary for healthy plants to grow.
The act of buying and selling goods.
A person whose job is to translate words from one language to another language.
Sometimes fine coats and medals were given to First Nations leaders who signed a treaty.
A trunk is a large, strong container that often has a lock and is used to store or transport goods. It can also be called a chest.
An udder is an organ on the females that provide dairy such as cows, goats, and sheep. An udder is similar to the breast in primates. This is where milk flows for the purpose of feeding babies.
A person is unemployed if they are looking for work but cannot find any.
Unstable means that things are likely to change suddenly; things are not steady.
Upholstered means to provide furniture with springs, padding, and a covering.
A vaccine is a substance used to protect people or animals from very serious diseases. Vaccines contain germs of a particular disease- these germs have been killed or changed in a certain way in a laboratory to make them safe. A vaccine goes into a person's body through a needle or shot that is given by a doctor or a nurse. After a vaccine is put into a person's body, that person will not get that disease or if they do, it is only a mild form of the disease.
A nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Vitamin D helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. It is fat-soluble (can dissolve in fats and oils) and is found in fatty fish, egg yolks, and dairy products. Skin exposed to sunshine can also make vitamin D.
A long journey by air, land, sea, or outer space.
A person hired by fur companies to transport goods and supplies between trading posts.
A very large North American deer that has curved antlers with many branches on them – now known as an elk. The name ‘wapiti’ is also from the Shawnee and Cree tribes and means ‘white rump’.
A war veteran is a person who has served in the armed forces during a war.
A large amount of something- usually a large amount of money or property.
To start a child or young animal on food other than milk eaten by suckling from the mother.
To create something by passing threads or strips over and under each other.
Something that is good for the health of one’s body or mind.
A cord in a candle or oil lamp that draws up fuel to be burned at its upper end.
A widow is a woman whose husband has died and who has not married again.
Windrows or Swath
A row of hay or grain that was cut and dropped into a line to dry before being harvested.
To blow air through grain in order to remove the chaff.
Winnowing means to separate grain from chaff and other impurities by tossing it into the air using a winnowing tray. The chaff and impurities are lighter than the grain and fly away.
Wither means for something to dry up or to wilt.
Something that is very wonderful.
A persons worldview is the way they see and understand the world, especially regarding issues such as politics, philosophy, and religion.
A product that is used to make bread, alcohol, and some medicines.
The measurement of how much grain is produced by a crop in a particular field. The yield of a crop can easily change depending on growing conditions.
A yoke is a device used to join together a pair of work animals. A yoke is made up of a wooden bar with two U-shaped ends that fit around the animals' heads.
Zinc is a nutrient that people need to stay healthy. Zinc is found in cells throughout the body. It helps the immune system fight off invading bacteria and viruses. The body also needs zinc to make proteins and DNA, the genetic material in all cells.