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Goats were farmed as early as 7,000 BC, and were brought to America hundreds of years ago. They became a great farming choice for their milk, fibre, and meat. In Canada, most goats are raised in Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta.

An illustrated settler is milking a goat into a pail.

Many people drink goat’s milk.

Industry Overview

In Saskatchewan, most of the goat farming focus is on meat production. In 2011, there were 480 goats on 460 farms in Saskatchewan. However, industry experts guess that this number is much lower than the actual number of goats raised in Saskatchewan. Herd sizes vary within the province; some herds might only have 10 goats, whereas larger producers might have a herd of 1,500 goats.

Three illustrated goats stand together.

Herd sizes vary in Saskatchewan from small to large.

Goat meat has become a much more popular red meat option. The prices are influenced by certain holidays. The average cost for goat meat is $2.00-$2.50 per pound.

Goat sale markets can be difficult for Saskatchewan goat farmers because they compete with other Canadian producers, as well as international imports from countries like New Zealand and Australia. Goats take a lot of work to raise to a profitable weight and prime health. Much like cattle, goats can be sold privately between the producer and a consumer. Or they can be sold to large production companies that process the goats for meat, dairy, or fibre and transport them to the grocery store shelves.

A goat stands with its head over a gate inside of a barn and is looking at the camera.

Goats can be sold at sales, privately to consumers, or to large production companies.

Who is Who?

A buck lays in a pen filled with straw.


A male goat is called a buck.
A young male goat is called a buckling.

A mother goat stands in a pen with a kid standing next to her preparing to feed.


A mother goat is called a dam. They are pregnant for 5 months.

A kid stands in a green field looking towards the camera with another baby goat nearby.


A newborn goat is called a kid.

A white and a black whether are standing in a field looking toward the camera. The sky is blue and there are trees blurred out in the background.


A male that has had his reproductive organs removed is called a whether.

A doe goat stands in a green pasture looking back towards the camera.


A female goat is called a doe and a young female is called a doeling.

Animal Care

Goat farmers follow the Recommended Code of Practice that was developed by government, farmers, animal protection groups, and researchers. Farmers know that keeping their goats happy and healthy is important. They must provide them with healthy food and clean water. Vaccinating goats once or twice a year helps protect them from getting sick from a disease or parasite.

A goat stands very close to the camera with another goat standing in the background.

Goat farmers do everything they can to keep goats happy and healthy!

When farmers register their goats, they must go to The Canadian Goat Society. This agency was founded in 1917 and they are dedicated to maintaining herd record books, providing evaluation programs, as well as promoting the responsible and humane treatment of goats. 

There are three categories for registering goats depending on the pedigree (the known ancestors of the animal).

Animal Housing

Goats can live outdoors and live on rough land that other livestock are not able to. They require a shelter for shade in the summer, and an area that can protect them from the wind in the winter. Goats require fences to protect them from predators as they are easy prey for coyotes and wolves.

A herd of illustrated goats stand in a green pasture that has a wooden fence around the edge of it.

Goats can live outdoors, but need shelter to protect them when the weather is too hot or too cold for them.

Milking goats are milked twice a day and spend more time indoors because they are milked in the barn. They are fed by a farmer twice a day. 

Two goats are sticking their heads out of a barn and looking at the camera.

Goats that are milked spend more time in barns, but can still live indoors and outdoors.


Many goat farmers have started to use automatic milking systems. The goats step onto a rotating platform and the farmer connects the milking nozzle to the goat. As the platform rotates, the goats are fed and by the time the platform makes it around, the goats are done being milked and walk straight out to be sorted into their pens!

A line of goats stand in a milk parlour as they are being milked while they eat.

These goats are eating from a trough while they are being milked.

Check out the ways goat farmers use technology to milk, sort, and keep track of goats!


Goats provide us with milk that can make many dairy products. Sheep also provide us with meat and fibre.


Goat meat is high in iron, has low calories and fat, and is an excellent source of protein. In other parts of the world, goat meat is a main source of meat.

A piece of cooked goat meat sits on a cutting board with tomatoes, salt, pepper, and other herbs.

Goat meat is tasty and is low in calories and fat.