What is a Treaty?
In the simplest form, a treaty is a legal agreement that outlines rights and benefits for each group. Treaties are nation-to-nation agreements.
Treaties in Canada were agreements made between First Nations and the Canadian Government.
The Métis people were left out of treaty negotiations.
A treaty is recognized as a legal agreement between two sovereign nations.
The First Nation Chiefs had to take time to negotiate with their people on the terms and on which they should agree upon. It is told that the First Nations Chiefs took the time to speak to the women of the tribe and elders before deciding. The Indigenous ‘life givers’ (the ‘Kokum’s’ or ‘grandmothers’) were the true leaders and made the decisions. However, the British and Canadian government officials would only speak and negotiate with the men.
The Women were ‘life givers’ and were highly respected but the government officials would not talk with them.