Oats are a type of cereal grain plant. Over the years, oats have become more important because of the growing size of livestock industry in Canada. Oats are incredibly nutritious, tasty, inexpensive, and have become a popular food for people as well.
This is a green, unripe oats crop.
Barley, Oats, Wheat, and Canary Seed are all cereal crops that are grown in Saskatchewan.
Oats grow best with long, warm growing days and the right amount of moisture. The majority of the oats grown in Saskatchewan are in the eastern side of the province.
This farmer is seeding oats early in spring.
The seed is planted early so there is enough moisture in the ground. If the seed is planted too late, the plant would mature later and have damage from the colder weather during harvest. The seeds go through a ‘heading’ stage when the seeds are being formed when the plant prefers less heat. Oats do not grow well in hot, dry conditions.
This ripe oats crop is ready for harvest.
Oats should be left in the field for as long as possible to make sure the seeds are ripe, and there are fewer unripe, green kernels.
After combining, oat straw is often baled for straw for livestock during the winter.